Currently the world population is estimated to be around 7 billion people. However, that number is set to grow exponentially in the upcoming years. A recent UN report has estimated that the population of the world could grow to approximately 9.6 billion people by the year 2050. And all of those people are going to have quite an impact on the environment.
Food, water, and shelter are the most basic of human needs. We need to put a plan in place that will ensure those items will be around for the not so distant future generations. This includes making the best use of land, conserving energy and water, and reducing our waste output. Much of the growth will be seen in developing countries, and the need for civil engineers and technology experts will grow in those areas. Changes in government and the needs of those that it serves will also be seen.
However, it doesn’t take an engineer to figure out that what you and your family do now will affect the population and the earth during at least the next forty-plus years. As the population grows, the earth’s resources grow smaller. This means that we need to do more than just reduce, reuse, and recycle. We also need to find more alternative energy sources that are safe and efficient. We need to create and implement more efficient farming methods and help create those practices not just in the countries that are expected to see the most growth, but also on our own soil.
The UN report also points out that the overall 2 billion increase is based on the estimate that number of children that people will have is going to decrease from the current average of 2.5 down to 2.1. What that means is that if the number doesn’t decrease, the population growth will be even more. Other factors, such as diseases process and cures for certain types of diseases are also taken into consideration. But the bottom line is simple: the amount of people on this planet is growing every single day. We need to make sure that the earth and our resources can support the growth.