How the Mediterranean Diet Helps Prevent Colorectal Cancer

What Is Colorectal Cancer?

Colorectal cancer is a common condition that primarily affects older men and women. This form of cancer is found in the colon or rectum. Researchers have determined that anyone with Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis is at a higher risk of developing colorectal cancer. Additional causes for colorectal cancer include consuming a diet that is high in red meat, fat and processed meats. If you eat a diet that is low in fiber, then you are also more likely to develop colorectal cancer.

What Is the Mediterranean Diet?

Today, experts are recommending the Mediterranean diet for the prevention of colorectal cancer. This type of diet is consumed in Greece, France and Italy. If you are living on a Mediterranean diet plan, then you will consume these foods and beverages:

• Fish
• Vegetables
• Fruits
• Unrefined cereals
• Legumes
• Olive oil
• Yogurt
• Cheese
• Wine

The Mediterranean Diet Includes Seafood Instead of Red Meat

The individuals who follow the Mediterranean diet seldom consume foods that contain refined sugar, eggs or processed meats. To get enough protein, you should eat high levels of seafood or poultry rather than red meat. Most of the fat in a Mediterranean diet comes from high-quality olive oil, but it is considered a healthy plant-based fat. This type of diet is also high in natural fiber, helping to reduce intestinal distress from problems such as constipation. A medical study in 2016 revealed that consuming a Mediterranean diet could reduce your chances of developing colorectal cancer by 6 percent.

A Mediterranean Diet Is Easier to Digest

Colorectal cancer typically develops from lesions or polyps in the intestinal tract. When you consume red meat, it is difficult for your body to digest this food, and red meat moves slowly through your intestinal tract, causing inflammation. Over many years, this inflammation can cause the polyps that eventually become cancerous. Alternatively, with the Mediterranean diet, the foods are digested quickly to move faster through the digestive tract, preventing inflammation.

Olive Oil Has Anti-inflammatory Properties

At the same time, if you are consuming olive oil, then your body is able to digest foods quickly. Olive oil may also have anti-inflammatory properties to protect your body from cancer cells. If you add olive oil to certain foods such as tomatoes or dark leafy greens, then the substance helps you to absorb the antioxidant nutrients in these foods. Antioxidants also fight against cancer cells by reducing the free radicals in your body. By consuming a Mediterranean diet, you can protect your body from several diseases, including colorectal cancer.

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Pesticides and Cancer: What You Need to Know

Pesticide Contamination Has Been Linked to Cancer

There are scientific studies linking pesticides with various types of cancer, and if you are concerned about possible contamination from man-made chemicals, then it is essential to choose foods that are organic. Researchers have studied the causes of different types of cancer to understand if the pesticides that contain phenoxy acid herbicides can lead to physical abnormalities in the human body’s cells.

You May Have Been Exposed to Dangerous Pesticides During Childhood

Phenoxy acid herbicides are sprayed on corn or wheat crops because the substances help to eliminate weeds. This type of herbicide was discovered in the late 1940s, and by the 1950s, it was used in the United States and other countries to protect wheat or corn crops from damaging weeds. Today, some of the most dangerous forms of phenoxy herbicides are banned, but if you are older, then you probably ingested a lot of this chemical agent as a child.

Types of Cancer That Are Linked to Pesticides

Researchers have linked pesticides with several types of cancer, and you should watch for these conditions if you were exposed to pesticides in the past.

1: Breast Cancer

Breast cancer primarily affects women, and this condition leads to abnormal cancerous cells in one or both breasts. The symptoms of breast cancer include lumps, bloody discharge or changes in the shape of a breast.

2: Lung Cancer

There are two types of lung cancer, including:

• Small cell
• Non-small cell

Both of these varieties of lung cancer are caused by exposure to toxins. The symptoms caused by lung cancer might include weight loss, difficulty breathing and chest pain.

3: Leukemia

Leukemia occurs in the blood-producing organs in the human body, including your bone marrow. The symptoms from leukemia can include extreme fatigue, poor immunity and frequent bruising.

4: Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma

This form of cancer causes abnormal production of lymphocytes. When you have this condition, you will have abdominal pain, fever and swollen lymph glands. This form of cancer primarily affects senior citizens.

5: Soft Tissue Sarcoma

Soft tissue sarcoma is a rarer form of cancer that occurs in various parts of the human body, including:

• Tendons
• Nerves
• Blood vessels
• Muscles

A sarcoma is a growth that can grow to a large size inside the body before it is noticed.

6: Malignant Lymphoma

A malignant lymphoma can develop in different regions of the body’s lymphatic system, including:

• Bone marrow
• Thymus gland
• Spleen
• Lymph nodes

The symptoms from malignant lymphoma include losing weight, tiredness and swollen lymph nodes.

Regular Exercise Can Reduce Cancer Risk

Regular Exercise Can Reduce Cancer Risk

A recent research review suggests that regular exercise can reduce the risk of several types of cancer. Among the cancers that could be affected by exercise were breast cancer, colon cancer, and lung cancer, three of the major types of cancer in the U.S.

According to lead author Steven Moore of the U.S. National Cancer Institute, there is no upper limit to the correlation between exercise and cancer risk. The more you exercise, the more your risk decreases.

The study found a connection between exercise and risk of cancer for 13 different types of cancer, including the three previously mentioned. Other types of cancer that can be affected by exercise include leukemia, myeloma, as well as cancers of the stomach, endometrium, bladder, rectum, liver, kidney, esophagus, and neck.

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend that adults complete a minimum of 150 minutes of moderate exercise each week, or 75 minutes of vigorous activity. Moderate exercise can include playing tennis or going for a brisk walk. Vigorous exercise can include jogging, swimming, or biking. These fitness recommendations are geared towards cardiovascular health and prevention of obesity, but the researchers say these activities can also help prevent cancer.

Moore and his research team focused on voluntary exercise that people did specifically to improve their health. Moore said that half of all American adults don’t meet the recommended minimums for physical exercise.

The researchers reviewed 12 different studies involving 1.4 million adults, ranging in age from 19 to 98. They analyzed whether the participants’ self-reported exercise levels impacted the risk of 26 total cancers.

Results showed that exercise was associated with a decreased risk for 13 of the cancers. The percent risk reduction varied by cancer type, but all 13 showed a significant risk. Overall, exercise was associated with a 7 percent decrease in the risk of cancer.

The risk of esophageal cancer decreased by 42 percent, breast cancer risk decreased by 10 percent, colon cancer decreased by 16 percent, and lung cancer experienced a 26 percent decrease.

However, the nature of the study was meant to observe an association. The results do not suggest a direct causation between exercise and cancer risk, but it is possible that exercise may be a contributing factor.

The researchers aren’t sure why exercise has this positive effect on cancer risk, but they have a few hypotheses. Exercise reduces hormone levels, including estrogen, that are often linked to various forms of cancer. Physical activity can also help reduce inflammation, which results in cells being more effective at repairing damaged DNA that could cause cancer.

Though the reason why exercise may help prevent cancer is unknown, the researchers hope that exercise will be included in public health information aimed at cancer prevention.

Tips to Protect Parents and Kids from Tobacco Smoke

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Around 20 percent of adults in the USA smoke. However, about 7 out of 10 of them want to quit, whether it’s for their own health and well-being or for their children’s. Many people who smoke are also parents who want to protect their children from secondhand smoke, and become role models to their family.

How Smoking Affects the Health of both Parents and Kids

Smoking effects both adults and children, and both smokers and non-smokers. Cigarette smoking causes almost one in five deaths each year in the USA. Each year, cigarette smoking causes more deaths than illegal drug use, motor vehicle accidents, firearm-related incidents and HIV combined.

It causes a wide range of health problems, from cancer to cardiovascular disease. Around 90% of all lung cancer deaths in the United States are caused by smoking. Smokers are much more at risk for cardiovascular diseases. They are two to four times more likely to develop coronary heart disease and 2 to 4 times more likely to experience a stroke.

But, cigarette smoking doesn’t just affect the health of the smoker. It also affects the health of those around them. Secondhand smoke exposure causes a wide range of health problems.

It increases your risk of developing cardiovascular problems. Secondhand smoke exposure immediately results in adverse effects on the cardiovascular system. In the United States, secondhand smoke exposure results in around 34,000 premature deaths in nonsmokers from heart disease.

Secondhand smoking also increases the risk of stroke and lung disease. It also causes a wide range of health problems for infants and children, like respiratory infections and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).

Tips for Protecting Parents and Kids from Tobacco Smoke

The ramifications that smoking has the smoker’s health and those around them are severe. So, follow these tips to protect yourself and your children from the effects of tobacco smoke.

– If you smoke, start the process of quitting. It will reduce your risk of heart attack, stroke and lung cancer. There are many resources online that can assist you, like http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/quit_smoking/how_to_quit/.
– Don’t let others smoke around your children. Let your children know about the risks of smoking and secondhand smoke.
– Always eat at restaurants and cafes that prohibit smoking. Restaurants that have a non-smoking section are not effective at protecting you or your children from secondhand smoke.
– Ensure that your child’s school or day care center is entirely smoke free.
Exposure to tobacco smoke has a big impact on your health and the health of those around you. So, follow these tips and protect yourself and your family from the dangers of tobacco smoke.